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Browse the Knowledge Base by a cross section of legal, organisational and technical issues such as File Format Obsolescence, Procurement or Metadata.

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Articles

The Pre-Digital Preservation Black Hole

Eng Sengsavang is Reference Archivist for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Paris, France Credit: George Chernilevsky: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Floppy_disk_2009_G1.jpg#/media/File:Floppy_disk_2009_G1.jpg My experience of technology is inevitably historical: as a child of the 80s, an adolescent of the 90s, and an adult into the 2000s, I experienced first-hand the paradigm shift from analogue to digital technologies,...

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Teaching a Young Dog Old Tricks: Emulation Research at the National Library of Scotland

Sara Day Thomson is Research Officer at the DPC |  Graham Purnell is Digital Preservation Assistant at the National Library of Scotland 1: Getting Our Feet Wet in Emulation World Digital Preservation Day celebrates all the inspiring work being done in digital preservation around the world. It celebrates innovative tools and techniques, effective advocacy and awareness-raising, and collaboration among fellow practitioners. This summer, I got to experience all of those things at the...

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La Red Iberoamericana de Preservación Digital de Archivos Sonoros y Audiovisuales (RIPDASA) frente al riesgo de pérdida de los archivos sonoros y audiovisuales

Perla Olivia Rodríguez Reséndiz es Coordinadora de Red Iberoamericana de Preservación Digital de Archivos Sonoros y Audiovisuales (RIPDASA) e investigadora de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). [English version follows] En el Día Mundial de la Preservación Digital es necesario recordar  que subiste el riesgo de pérdida, tanto de las grabaciones sonoras y audiovisuales registradas en soportes analógicos como de las que fueron creadas de origen digital. Este es un...

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Preservación digital: la comunidad profesional como base para su desarrollo

Gabriela Andaur Gómez es Profesora Asistente, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, Universidad Alberto Hurtado, Consejera, Comité Memoria del Mundo – Chile (UNESCO) y Archivera, Proyecto de Modernización, Archivo Nacional de Chile [English version follows] Desde hace algunos años hemos visto como dentro de la comunidad profesional latinoamericana ha comenzado a instalarse la preocupación sobre la preservación digital. Este discurso ha comenzado a permear, aunque lentamente, en...

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The crucial work of digitizing and publicizing Museum's collections as a way of preservation and spreading knowledge: the case of Museu Nacional/UFRJ

Cristiana Serejo is Deputy Director at Museu Nacional/ Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Due to the great fire, which occurred in September 2018, the collection of the permanent exhibition, as well as part of the scientific collections, were lost. Despite the invaluable loss of historical objects and specimens, the institution has been invested in projects of preservation and digital recovery of its collections as a strategic action to safeguard and preserve collection data for...

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Extracting Information from 5.25” Floppy Disks – Historic Environment Scotland

Frederick Alexander is Digital Archivist at Historic Environment Scotland The digital archive at Historic Environment Scotland comprises of 42 terabytes of digital materials. This archive, alongside its physical counterpart, contains information relating to the historic environment of Scotland. Scotland’s historic environment is the physical evidence of past human activity, from a prehistoric fort, to a Victorian garden, to a drawing of a cityscape. In this blog post I want to give an...

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Sharing format preservation information and how this will benefit us all

Jon Tilbury is CTO of Preservica, and is based in the UK World Digital Preservation Day is all about the global community coming together to share ideas and collaborate. So how can we all work more closely on sharing format preservation information and what is the value of doing this?

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PDF: you know she’s a little bit dangerous

Yvonne Tunnat is Digital Preservation Project Manager at Leibniz Information Centre for Economics in Germany When you think about risky file formats, the PDF format is not the first one that springs in your mind isn’t it? Instead, you might think of old word processing software for C64 or amiga 500, when 'windows' were just some glass to look through. Or, a more recent typical risky file format scenario: the dozen flavours of exotic file formats your institutional scientists...

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BitList 2019: The Global List of Digitally Endangered Species

The BitList 2019 is the first complete revision of the list since initial publication in 2017.  Whereas The BitList was experimental in 2017 and 2018, the 2019 edition is considerably more robust in content and process. In part this is because it has established a small but definite following. The DPC has been asked to report and expand our 2017 recommendations in multiple contexts, and professionals in agencies around the world have reported their own use of The BitList to support...

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For you, for me, for everyone? - The risk of discrimination in digital preservation practice

Michelle Lindlar is Digital Preservation Team Leader at Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB) in Germany DISCLAIMER: This post is an opinion piece and by no means perfect. So, grab a hot chocolate with your WDPD slice of cake and enjoy the ride. One of the most discussed things at iPRES2019 this year was probably Michelle Caswell’s keynote Whose Digital Preservation? Locating Our Standpoints to Reallocate Resources. As there are many people who are much smarter than I am and...

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PREMIS News & Highlights for 2019

Karin Bredenberg is Chair of the PREMIS Editorial Committee. She works for Kommunalförbundet Sydarkivera/The Municipality Organisation Sydarkivera in Sweden. 2019 has been a very productive year for the PREMIS Editorial Committee! We’ve welcomed several new members to the EC this year and have made significant progress in various areas. The release a year ago of the PREMIS 3.0 OWL Ontology led the EC into discussions regarding the relationship between the ontology and the PREMIS Data...

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Starting with complexity: Archiving digital-born music compositions from Mac systems of the 80s/90s

Beat Mattmann is Data Librarian FDM & DLZA and Iris Lindenmann is Scientific Assistant for Research Data Management at the University of Basel in Switzerland Background About ten years ago, a music archive took over the private archive of a composer who had already begun composing with digital techniques in the 1980s. The result is impressive: the composer transferred his work on not less than 700 data carriers to the archive, including 660 floppy discs, 26 SyQuest carriers...

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Influence of Blockchain Technology on Protecting Trustworthiness of Electronic Records

Özhan Saglik is Lecturer at Bursa Uludag University in Turkey Blockchain is one of the latest discussed technologic issues in records management. Questions like 'does blockchain shift our practices radically?' and 'how does it affects the trustworthiness of e-records?' have emerged. We will discuss some points in terms of trustworthiness. We analyse the trustworthiness of e-records in four stages. These are authenticity, realibility, accuracy and usability. Usability refers to the...

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Creating SIPs without Breaking a Sweat: The Pre-ingest Tool and File Scraper

Heikki Helin is Senior Technology Coordinator for Digital Preservation Services at CSC - IT Center for Science Ltd in Espoo, Finland The Finnish national digital preservation service, based on the OAIS reference model, has been in production since 2015. Providing services for preserving the cultural heritage and research data sectors, it is a service funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland. Currently, we have more than 1.3 million Archival Information Packages...

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The UNESCO/DPC Executive Guide on Digital Preservation

Robert Buckley is the Chair of the PERSIST Policy Working Group and a Technical Adviser at the National Archives of the UAE. UNESCO and the Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) have collaborated to produce the Executive Guide on Digital Preservation, an online resource for raising awareness of the importance of digital preservation in archives, libraries and commercial enterprises—any organization that has digital assets to preserve and access. While many of us are often immersed in the...

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People Get Ready - The WDPD Edition

At iPRES this year I presented a (rapid fire!) paper sharing my thoughts on the current state of digital preservation workforce development. The headlines were:

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Ubiquity and the Floppy Disk: Challenges with Obsolete Carriers

Kevin Molloy is Manuscripts Collection Manger at State Library Victoria in Melbourne, Australia Floppy disks have a remarkable technological provenance that dates from the late 1960s. Developing through many iterations, the standard 3½ inch disk, produced from 1981, had become largely ubiquitous by the 1990s as the go-to format for business, personal storage and transfer systems. Use of the 3½ floppy lasted until the mid-2000s, and, as a storage device, is found in many physical collections...

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A Couple of Views from New Zealand

Andrea Goethals is Digital Preservation Manager | Kaiwhakahaere Matapopore Matihiko, at the National Library of New Zealand | Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa At the National Library of New Zealand, quite a few of us play a role in preserving the nation’s digital heritage. If you were to ask each of us what digital materials are most at risk in New Zealand you would hear a variety of different opinions, depending on where we sit in the Library. Among other things you would hear about...

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Digital Preservationists Anonymous at iPres 2019

What Past Participants Have to Say "Digital Preservationists Anonymous (DPA) is a safe and enriching opportunity to share professional frustrations, mistakes and fears. Sharing these wardrobe skeletons and horrible imaginings in confidence with other DPC members is a liberating and cathartic experience. A problem shared at DPA doesn't become a problem halved, it becomes a discussion that moves forward with perspective, expertise and solidarity." -Anonymous “Fail Club was a great forum to...

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Motivation to Undertake File Format Identification Research for Plain Text Files

Dr Santhilata Kuppili Venkata is Digital Preservation Specialist / Researcher at The National Archives, UK The file format identification problem has been of interest for quite some time in the areas of digital archiving and digital forensics. Many researchers are working to find a solution to this problem. While most of the work is done to identify files with binary file formats, not much work is found to identify the file type of plain text files. In this digital era, files are...

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