DPC

Digital Preservation Awards 2022 - Finalists: The National Records of Scotland Award for Safeguarding the Digital Legacy

Archiving Reproductive Health

The 'Digital Preservation of Reproductive Health Resources: Archiving the 8th' (Archiving Reproductive Health) project aims to provide long-term preservation and access to at-risk born-digital content generated by grassroots women’s reproductive health movements before and during the campaign to repeal the 8th Amendment of the Irish Constitution. Funded by Wellcome and administered by the Digital Repository of Ireland, the project is publishing and making available digital collections from activist organisations that otherwise would be lost. The preservation and publication of these collections add significantly to our understanding of women's rights movements and the history of reproductive healthcare in Ireland.

Legacies of Stephen Dwoskin’s Personal Cinema: the digital and archival legacy

This initiative relates to the interdisciplinary research project “Legacies of Stephen Dwoskin’s Personal Cinema” which preserves the diverse legacy of the late experimental filmmaker Stephen Dwoskin. His archive spans digital and analogue, personal and professional, in multiple forms (image, text, moving images, sound). The project created new knowledge in film and cultural studies, digital forensics and data analysis and its research outputs are significant. The long-term value, however, lies in building up digital archives capacity locally: a service with no prior experience can achieve much given a commitment to preservation, the right impetus and a willingness to collaborate.

Preserving and sharing the Jeremy Sutton-Hibbert photographic collection

The University of St Andrews Libraries and Museums has acquired, preserved, catalogued and shared the photographic archive of the internationally significant Scottish photographer Jeremy Sutton-Hibbert (b.1969). Jeremy’s work has appeared in magazines such as Time, National Geographic, Italian Geo, Le Figaro, The Guardian, The Sunday Times, and many others. Topics covered include reportage of Scotland, international reportage, the arts, politics, the environment, and sports.
The collection includes 20TB of digital photography, comprising RAW files of 900,000 images. This work ensures the ongoing accessibility of a visual document of Scottish and global cultures, peoples, and landscapes across an era of rapid technological change.

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Digital Preservation Awards 2022 - Finalists: The Dutch Digital Heritage Network Award for Teaching and Communications

Learning through doing: building digital preservation skills in Wales

The Learning by doing initiative is rooted in addressing issues arising from digital preservation in a practical way and addressing them collectively. The opportunities presented by the use of platforms such as Teams and Zoom enabled proactive engagement and facilitated connection across Wales. These platforms were used to deliver the Saving the Bits training programme which provided a general introduction to digital preservation principles and practices for those in the cultural, education and public sectors in Wales. Another element of the initiative addressed the specific issue of remote deposit of digital content to the National Library of Wales, which is in the process of refinement. Through working with students at Aberystwyth University in a practical workshop, issues identified which were addressed to improve Library processes. Through interactive engagement across Wales, skills and knowledge were built, underpinned by the resources, community knowledge and training materials which are freely available through the internet

Managing Digital Archives online learning course from ICA

ICA’s “Managing Digital Archives” is a self-paced course, averaging 60 learning study hours, which provides a thorough grounding in digital archives and preservation for a global audience. It uses flexible learning options to support international participants and emphasises approaches to maximise limited resources. The individual sections explore the what and the how of collecting, ingest, preservation, infrastructure, access and stewardship. Extensive presentations, scripts, background documents, special topics, exercises and resources enable learners to develop a portfolio to achieve their organizational and professional objectives. The course encourages learners to join and contribute to the international digital archives and preservation community.

Professional archives and records education for the 21st Century

Aberystwyth University Department of Information Studies launched a completely revised curriculum for its MA Archives and Records Management in September 2020. Over the previous 28 months a team of 3 lectures collaborated to redesign the course from the bottom-up to ensure that core topics incorporate digital record-keeping by default. A key outcome of the revision was repositioning Digital Preservation as a core subject rather than an optional one. The revised curriculum ensures that students qualifying from the Archives and Records Association (ARA) accredited programme are equipped to manage digital material from the start of their careers.

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Digital Preservation Awards 2022 - Finalists: The National Archives (UK) Award for the Most Distinguished Student Work in Digital Preservation

Catherine Alexander, 'An Investigation of Environmentally Sustainable Digital Preservation in Scotland'

This study examines the ways in which the subject area of environmentally sustainable digital preservation has been received and responded to by professionals in the Scottish digital preservation sector. Taking the vital nature of action against climate change at all levels of society as a starting point, an investigation into the ways in which digital preservation can be made more environmentally sustainable is succeeded by research into the nature of views and practice in light of these new recommendations. Through interviews conducted with four digital preservation professionals, extensive insight is gained into the ways in which environmentally sustainable digital preservation is being approached and enacted in a range of contexts throughout Scotland. The result of this investigation is a clear picture indicating the extensive awareness and belief in the importance of environmentally sustainable digital preservation, alongside a demonstration that considered action is being undertaken by professionals in this area. These findings constitute a step forward from existing research into this subject area, and may have significant implications for further study.

Mychely Schubert, 'Blockchain and land property records: a multiple case study identifying barriers'

This research aimed to identify barriers in implementing blockchain-based solutions – a tamper free way of recording transactions and tracking assets – for ensuring the authenticity, integrity, digital continuity and long-term preservation of land property records. International comparative case studies were undertaken through a survey with professionals investigating blockchain technology and its implementation to land property projects. Data analysis identified three main barriers to implementing blockchain in land property registration: uncertainty around legal implications, lack of professional and user awareness and technical interoperability; and concluded that major changes in the land property systems would be needed for implementation.

sasha arden, 'Access to Artistic Content on CD-ROMs'

CD-ROMs completely changed the realm of artistic possibilities in the 1990s, but have you experienced one in the last ten years or so? The answer is likely no, and that is because CD-ROMs are now an obsolete format. This means that CD-ROMs are no longer made or in use. Further, changes in computer hardware, namely the phasing out of optical disc drives, as well as in operating systems like Mac OS 9, have made it impossible to view and experience the contents of existing artist CD-ROMs. Because of these difficulties, an important part of digital art’s history is in limbo.

As part of this graduate internship with New York University in 2021-22, sasha worked on access to artist CD-ROMs with Collection Care Research at Tate. Keith Piper’s project Relocating the Remains (1999) served as a case study to explore the technical aspects of how to enable interaction with the CD-ROM contents. sasha also paid attention to maintaining essential characteristics like color, and behaviors like click reaction times or rollover animations, which can be affected by current methods of access. This research also considered where artist CD-ROMs sit within Tate’s collections and how that affects discoverability and access, as well as available preservation resources.

 

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Digital Preservation Awards 2022 - Finalists: The Digital Preservation Coalition 20th Anniversary Award

PREMIS Data Dictionary and related resources

PREMIS is the de-facto standard for preservation metadata and is today implemented in countless digital preservation systems – open as well as closed source, serving large archives as well as small repositories, supporting end-to-end processes as well as tools for specific tasks. But PREMIS is also much more than metadata: the Data Dictionary is a description of core information about digital objects. It can be used to implement PREMIS, but also to understand digital preservation processes and to benchmark your own solution. Lastly, PREMIS is also an active community as can be seen in countless implementation fairs, tutorials, workshops and discussions around the globe over the past 20 years.

Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI): Supporting Collaboration, Cooperation and Community Building for Digital Preservation

The Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) is a collaborative effort started in 2007 and is led by the Library of Congress to articulate common sustainable practices and guidelines for digitized and born digital historical, archival and cultural content. FADGI comprises two working groups, Still Image and Audio-Visual, with active participation from a wide range of constituents. FADGI’s sustained impact on the digital preservation landscape is significant including free and open access to its well researched guidelines and support for open source tools to implement the guidelines. Its body of work covers the prominent “Star Rating” imaging guidelines, embedded metadata guidelines and tools, file format research and more.

PRONOM Technical Registry

PRONOM is a file format registry, created to support preservation planning for digital records. It collects key data about file formats which is used for the purposes of identification and reference. It was made publicly available in 2005 and this year, released its 100th update. PRONOM data is utilised by practitioners of digital preservation and related fields across many industries. Multiple file format identification software applications including DROID, Siegfried and FIDO make use of PRONOM data. Hosted by The National Archives for 20 years, it is an open-source community initiative with institutions across the globe contributing to this resource.

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PREMIS Data Dictionary and related resources

At the turn of the millennium no clear digital preservation metadata recommendation existed. Various element sets had been released by different organizations, but all served different scopes and purposes. By 2002 it became clear that a central Preservation Metadata Framework could significantly benefit the community and give it a lingua franca, not only allowing us to build interoperable workflows but also to better compare preservation processes. This preservation metadata should include, in a rigorously defined yet technically neutral way, all core information pieces an institution would need to know about a digital object they want to preserve for the long-term. Out of this need the international PREMIS (Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies) working group was kicked-off in June 2003. In 2006 the PREMIS working group was superseded by the PREMIS Editorial Committee, who continues to maintain and promote the standard and interact with the digital preservation community until today.

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Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI): Supporting Collaboration, Cooperation and Community Building for Digital Preservation

For almost 15 years, the Federal Agencies Digital Guidelines Initiative (FADGI) has been a model for collaboration, cooperation and community building in the multifaceted and maturing digital preservation landscape. What first started in 2007 as an idea to bring together emerging scanning and digitization expertise from US federal agencies has evolved into a global model for knowledge and resource sharing that not only services the cultural heritage community but also service providers and manufacturers. FADGI’s collective body of work is nominated for the DPC 20th Anniversary Award. 

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PRONOM Technical Registry

PRONOM is a file format registry which collects key data about file formats that can be used for the purposes of identification and reference, in support of preservation planning activities for digital records.

The registry, first conceived in 2002, was made publicly available in 2005. As the UK government’s official archive, it is the responsibility of The National Archives (UK) to collect, preserve and make available the public records of the UK government. PRONOM was created when the need was recognised for access to reliable technical information about the nature of the records stored in the digital archive.

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Learning through doing: building digital preservation skills in Wales

The Learning through doing digital preservation project used the communication technologies to share skills and build knowledge through two initiatives:

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Managing Digital Archives online learning course from ICA

ICA’s “Managing Digital Archives” online learning course is unique in the depth and breadth of content and in its accessibility and affordability to archivists, records managers and affiliated professionals around the world. It is learner-paced training which provides a thorough grounding in the management of archives in digital formats. By the time learners have completed the course they will have gained the understanding and knowledge they need to set up and/or run their own digital archives programme.

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Professional archives and records education for the 21st Century

Aberystwyth University has been providing post-graduate education for those starting careers as archives and records professionals since the mid-1950s, the normal route into the profession, with a dedicated master’s course located in the Department of Information Studies (DIS) since the early 1990s. The current MA in Archives and Records Management (ARM) is offered both full-time on campus and by distance learning for those already in paid or volunteer roles in a relevant organisation. The course is accredited by both the Archives and Records Association of UK and Ireland (ARA) and the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP).

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