Vulnerable small

Video materials - films and television programs – that are produced by companies that maintain their own distribution platforms and are exclusively available through these platforms.

Group: Sound and Vision

Trend: New Entry

Consensus Decision

Added to List: 2019

Last update: 2019

Previous category: New Entry

Imminence of Action

Action is recommended within three years, detailed assessment within one year.

Significance of Loss

The loss of tools, data or services within this group would impact on people and sectors around the world.

Effort to Preserve

It would require a major effort to preserve materials in this group, including the development of new tools or techniques.


Netflix, Amazon Prime

‘Endangered’ in the Presence of Aggravating Conditions

Lack of corporate preservation planning; lack of preservation capability; conflating backup with preservation; loss of original recordings; lack of preservation voice at executive level; poor planning and roadmap for infrastructure; slapdash procurement or migration to new systems; mergers and acquisitions; profusion of corporate systems; complex intellectual property rights; single point of failure; technical protection measures that inhibit reasonable preservation actions.

‘Lower Risk’ in the Presence of Good Practice

backup and documentation; use of open formats and open source software; data management planning; licencing that enables preservation; corporate preservation capability; resilient to hacking; authenticity and integrity managed; recognition of preservation functions at executive level; technology watch; preservation audits; participation in preservation community.

2019 Review

This is a new entry from the open nomination, representing collections that are highly significant in cultural and social terms. It was adopted as the Jury was unclear whether content could be played outside of the producers’ publication platform. That introduces technical dependencies between content and software which are amplified by rights management.

Additional Jury Comments

This entry has five aspects.  1. It falls outside of the scope of traditional regulatory frameworks and archiving has not yet been included in any legislative framework, unlike broadcast tv where there is a designated archive in most developed nations. 2. As a result, the collecting and preservation of the content from the online platforms is underdeveloped, and the content remains unavailable in public archives.  3. These risks are mitigated by the fact that the commercial archives are technologically advanced, with mature digital ecosystems and skills, and much of the content has a ‘long tail’ business model and as commercial products these have value, so preservation incentives are clear. 4. However these are often stored at scale on LTO taps and so specific issues arise with the obsolescence of LTO tape technologies for the broadcast sector.  5. Nonetheless, issues remain around archiving the rushes, and other relevant assets which may not be valued by the production company. 

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